Under the provisions of the Constitution of ANOC, the General Assembly is the supreme governing body of ANOC. The Association’s member NOCs are entitled to participate in the General Assembly, represented by their delegates, in addition to the members of the Executive Council of ANOC. Representatives from the International Olympic Committee (IOC), International Federations (IFs), Organising Committees of Olympic Games (OCOGs) and other Olympic stakeholders are also invited to attend the General Assembly. The event is also a platform for Olympic stakeholders, especially OCOGs and cities bidding to host the Olympic Games, to address the NOC Family.

Under the ANOC Constitution, an Ordinary General Assembly must be held every year.

The General Assembly elects the President and the Senior Vice-President every four years, as well as the members of the Executive Council.

The Executive Council and ANOC Commissions meet at least twice a year.